Welcome to the Indian Tribal Tax Committee! The Indian Tribal Tax Committee is the Tax Section's newest committee. As pre-constitutional domestic sovereigns, tribes stand in a unique legal relationship to federal, state and local governments. The interplay between federal and state taxing authority and tribal sovereignty poses continuing challenges for tax practitioners. From the 1830's to the 1950's the United States Supreme Court decided eight cases on Indian taxes. From the 1950's to today, the number of Supreme Court decisions on Indian tax issues has quadrupled. There has been a similar upswing in federal and state decisions on tax issues. In addition, each tribe possesses sovereign power to tax activities within their jurisdiction. Tribes have only just begun to impose taxes on economic activity in Indian country. How the 565 federally-recognized tribal governments will choose to exert their respective taxing powers going forward poses cutting edge policy issues for those interested in federal Indian law or tax policy.
The Indian Tribal Tax Committee offers an opportunity for ABA members to learn about and debate good policy and practice in Indian tax law. Our committee will work at a national level with stakeholders and practitioners to develop and influence tax policy, tax administration and tax law affecting tribes and their members. We will provide opportunities not only for learning, but also for interacting with practitioners in tribal tax and finance to exchange ideas, strategies, experiences, and learn about current developments in matters of Indian tax and finance.
The Committee offers exceptional CLE programs on procedural issues and hot topics involving federal and state tax audits, tax exempt financing, employee plans, and development and improvement of tribal tax codes, as those subjects relate to Indian tribes, tribal members or Indian country. We will regularly meet with officials from the Internal Revenue Service, U.S. Treasury, Department of Justice and state revenue departments to address rules, regulations and tax policy. In addition, this committee will comment on pending rules, regulations and legislation affecting tribes and their members.